What Is Law?
Generally, the term law refers to the rules that govern behavior. Those rules are enforceable through governmental institutions. They are also enforceable through social institutions. These institutions are typically independent regulating bodies.
Law is sometimes described as a science or an art of justice. However, there is an ongoing debate about its precise definition. In addition to the legal definition, there is also a debate over the morality of law.
In a modern society, accountability to the law is a difficult problem. In addition, the practice of law is typically overseen by an independent regulating body. In addition, there are special problems when modern policing powers are used.
Law can be used to protect individual rights, to preserve the status quo, and to provide orderly social change. In addition, it can serve to maintain peace in a nation. Some legal systems serve these purposes better than others.
Law is shaped by political action. The United Nations has pioneered legal work, including the creation of the International Court of Justice (World Court). In addition, the United Nations continues to address legal issues of a global nature. Some of these include protecting the environment, combating drug trafficking, and regulating migrant labour.
The International Court of Justice has issued numerous judgments and advisory opinions. It is also the primary dispute settlement organ of the United Nations. Its membership includes 34 members of the world’s principal legal systems. It prepares drafts on various aspects of international law and consults with UN specialized agencies.